Nextcloud

Введение

Nextcloud - веб-приложение для синхронизации данных, общего доступа к файлам и удалённого хранения документов в "облаке".

Установка и настройка Nginx

Установите и настройте веб-сервер Nginx согласно руководству.

Установка и настройка PostgreSQL

Установите и настройте PostgreSQL согласно руководству. Вместо базы данных dbtest из примера создайте базу nextcloud, а вместо пользователя test - nextcloud.

Установка Nextcloud

Установка из исходного кода с сайта разработчика производится в три этапа:

  • создание необходимых путей и загрузка файлов;
  • создание файла конфигурации Nginx для работы облачного ресурса;
  • внесение необходимых поправок в конфигурацию сервисов для корректной работы NextCloud.

Предварительная подготовка

Создайте необходимые пути:

mkdir -p /var/calculate/www/nextcloud/{upload,save}

Скачайте и распакуйте последнюю версию NextCloud:

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-13.0.2.zip -P /var/calculate/www/nextcloud

unzip /var/calculate/www/nextcloud/nextcloud-13.0.2.zip -d /var/calculate/www/nextcloud

mv /var/calculate/www/nextcloud/nextcloud /var/calculate/www/nextcloud/htdocs

Назначьте необходимые права:

chown -R nginx. /var/calculate/www/nextcloud

Настройка Nginx для Nextcloud

Создайте настройку Nginx для Nextcloud для доменного имени cloud.example.org:

/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/cloud.example.org.conf
upstream php-handler {
    server unix:/run/php-fpm.socket;
}
server {
    listen 80;
    server_name cloud.example.org;
    # Path to the root of your installation
    root /var/calculate/www/nextcloud/htdocs/;
    # Logs
    access_log /var/log/nginx/cloud.example.org.access.log main;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/cloud.example.org.error.log;
    # Max upload size
    client_max_body_size 10G;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }
    # Для получения сертификата ssl
    location ~ /.well-known {
               allow all;
    }
    location = /.well-known/carddav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }
    # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff|svg|gif)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
        # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
        # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
        # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
        # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
        # could take several months.
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
        add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
        add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
        # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }
    location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
        access_log off;
    }
}

Настройка fpm-php

Выполните настройку переменных окржуения fpm-php:

/etc/php/fpm-php7.1/fpm.d/www.conf

; Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH. All $VARIABLEs are taken from
; the current environment.
; Default Value: clean env
env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
env[PATH] = /usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/opt/bin
env[TMP] = /tmp
env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
env[TEMP] = /tmp

Выполните настройку opcache fpm-php:

/etc/php/fpm-php7.1/php.ini

[opcache]
; Determines if Zend OPCache is enabled for the CLI version of PHP
opcache.enable_cli=1

; How often (in seconds) to check file timestamps for changes to the shared
; memory storage allocation. ("1" means validate once per second, but only
; once per request. "0" means always validate)
opcache.revalidate_freq=1

После всех настроек перезапустите Nginx и Php-fpm:

nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
/etc/init.d/nginx reload
nginx | * Checking nginx configuration ...                                    [ ok ]
nginx | * Refreshing nginx configuration ...                                  [ ok ]
/etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
php-fpm | * Stopping PHP FastCGI Process Manager ...                          [ ok ]
php-fpm | * Testing PHP FastCGI Process Manager config ...                    [ ok ]
php-fpm | * Starting PHP FastCGI Process Manager ...                          [ ok ]

Запуск установки NextCloud

Перед запуском установки добавьте имя ресурса cloud.example.org, работающего на IP-адресе 192.168.0.1, в DNS-сервер локальной сети или отредактируйте:

/etc/hosts

192.168.0.1 cloud.example.org

Откройте сайт cloud.example.org и выполните настройку Nextcloud.

Установка Let's Encrypt

Получите сертификат для домена cloud.example.org, используя руководство для Nginx.

Используйте следующие настройки с поддержкой HTTPS:

/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/cloud.example.org.conf
upstream php-handler {
    server unix:/run/php-fpm.socket;
}

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name cloud.example.org;
    rewrite ^ https://$server_name$request_uri? permanent;
}

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/cloud.example.org/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/cloud.example.org/privkey.pem;
    include ssl.conf;
    server_name cloud.example.org;
    # Path to the root of your installation
    root /var/calculate/www/nextcloud/htdocs/;
    # Logs
    access_log /var/log/nginx/cloud.example.org.access.log main;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/cloud.example.org.error.log;
    # Max upload size
    client_max_body_size 10G;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }
    # Для получения сертификата ssl
    location ~ /.well-known {
               allow all;
    }
    location = /.well-known/carddav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }
    # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff|svg|gif)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
        # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
        # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
        # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
        # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
        # could take several months.
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
        add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
        add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
        # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }
    location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
        access_log off;
    }
}

Настройка кэширования

Redis - программное обеспечение, реализующее сервис кэширования данных в оперативной памяти на основе хеш-таблицы. Для его подключения установите необходимые пакеты:

emerge pecl-redis virtual/pkgconfig

Добавьте redis в автозагрузку, запустите его и перезапустите php-fpm:

rc-update add redis
 * service redis added to runlevel default
/etc/init.d/redis start
php-fpm | * Starting redis ...                                                [ ok ]
/etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
php-fpm | * Stopping PHP FastCGI Process Manager ...                          [ ok ]
php-fpm | * Testing PHP FastCGI Process Manager config ...                    [ ok ]
php-fpm | * Starting PHP FastCGI Process Manager ...                          [ ok ]

Добавьте настройки redis в Nextcloud:

/var/calculate/www/nextcloud/htdocs/config/config.php
<?php
$CONFIG = array (
  'instanceid' => 'secret',
  'passwordsalt' => 'secret',
  'secret' => 'secret',
  'trusted_domains' =>
  array (
    0 => 'cloud.example.org',
  ),
  'datadirectory' => '/var/calculate/www/nextcloud/htdocs/data',
  'overwrite.cli.url' => 'https://cloud.example.org',
  'dbtype' => 'pgsql',
  'version' => '13.0.2',
  'dbname' => 'nextcloud',
  'dbhost' => 'localhost',
  'dbport' => '',
  'dbtableprefix' => 'oc_',
  'dbuser' => 'nextcloud',
  'dbpassword' => 'secret',
  'installed' => true,
  'maintenance' => false,
  'memcache.local' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis',
  'memcache.locking' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis',
  'redis' => array(
    'host' => 'localhost',
    'port' => 6379,
  ),
);