Installing on a HDD

Updated 13 March 2019

Once you have booted Calculate Linux from a Live USB, you can install it on your hard drive. To do so, simply click on the "Installing Calculate Linux" icon on your desktop.

Launch icon

The installation window is split in two. In the right part, you can select installation options and switch between sections. In the left part, partition names are listed. You can use either the keyboard or the menu to select a section. All sections are explained below.

Language and locale

Select the system language and the timezone. You can choose between 38 languages. The language you have chosen will be applied at installation time.

Language and locale

Selecting the flavour

By default, the installer picks the Live USB from which you booted. You might also want to specify another bootable Calculate Linux ISO image that you would have loaded.

Choose distribution

Installation type

Depending on whether you want to delete all data from the disk and install Calculate Linux on new partitions or use existing partitions to install, select either "Clean disk and install Calculate Linux" or "Use existing partitions".

If you choose the first option, click on the dropdown menu to select partitioning options. Here you will see the partitions to be created. Подробно про предложенную схему разбиения диска читайте здесь.

Installation type

Disk partitioning

If you want to install on existing partitions, specify them for your Calculate Linux installation. If you chose to install on an empty disk, at this point you can only check the partition table.

Note that the third partition reserved for updates will not be displayed there, because it is not mounted. Besides, the table does not display the fourth "BIOS Boot" partition, required by the bootloader when using the default GPT partition table.

Disk partitioning

Network settings

In this section, choose between NetworkManager and OpenRC to manage your connections and edit your network settings. If you have a desktop computer, we recommend using OpenRC for its functionality combined with low system load. Networkmanager is a better choice for notebook, as it comes with a graphical interface for establishing WiFi connections in a more user-friendly way.

Network settings

Users

Here you must specify all the users bound to have access to the system, together with the privileges that will be granted them. В этом же окне указывается пароль пользователя root. Check the advanced settings for home directory encryption options.

Users

In addition to assigning access groups, you can specify additional administrative rights here. Для этого в поле "Администратор" предусмотрены два пункта: "Обновление системы" и "Полный доступ". Обновление системы позволит получать уведомления о доступных обновлениях и выполнять обновления системы. Полный доступ добавляет пользователя в группы "su" и "sudo", для получения прав суперпользователя используя утилиту sudo и свой пароль.

Access rights

Audio

На выбор предлагаются звуковые системы ALSA и PulseAudio. Используйте ALSA, если хотите снизить издержки на обработку звука, а также получить максимально качественный звук. PulseAudio больше подойдёт в том случае, если вы используете подключаемые USB-колонки, так как обеспечивает удобное переключение звука.

Audio

Video

In the video settings, you can select the Nvidia proprietary driver, switch between the graphical and the text version of Grub. The screen resolution is most likely to be determined correctly from the start.

Video

Update

Calculate Linux is a rolling release distribution. Это значит, что, при условии регулярного обновления системы, вы всегда будете иметь актуальные версии программ. By default, your software is updated every 24 hours. В любом случае мы не рекомендуем выполнять проверку обновлений реже, чем раз в месяц.

Update

Start installation

Before installing Calculate Linux, make sure that all settings are correct. If not, go back to the relevant section and edit. If everything looks OK, just click on "Run" for the installation to start.

Start installation