Installation of Calculate LXC Desktop



The work on project has been ceased


LXC-desktop is a comprehesive, self-contained execution environment with a graphical interface. Calculate Linux Container (CLC) can be used then as a host system. You can install into a container from Calculate Container Desktop Xfce (CCDX). While CLC has no graphical interface and comes with the bare minimum of package out-of-box, CCDX is almost a complete replica of Calculate Linux Desktop Xfce - with the exception of the kernel, bootloader and some system tools.

With a LXC desktop, you get all the advantages of working with containers, such as system isolation, minimum system requirements when starting multiple containers, the ability to install, configure, boot, etc. in no time. Systems running in a container are not connected to the host system in any way. You can link them to one or more monitors (if using multiple video cards), while benefiting from the hardware capabilities of both video cards.

Configure the host system

Calculate Linux Container should be used as the host system. If you install from another system, you will have to install app-emulation/lxc first.

Install Calculate on the hard disk and do as described above.

Network configuration

To access the container network, create an eth0 bridge. To do so, apply the following parameters:



Restart the network:

/etc/init.d/net.eth0 stop

rm /etc/init.d/*

ln -sf /etc/init.d/net.lo /etc/init.d/net.br0

/etc/init.d/net.br0 start

Install lxc-desktop

Let's install Calculate Container Desktop Xfce in the container. To do so, run:

lxc-create -t download -n pc100 -- --server --no-validate -d CCDX --arch x86_64

(note that you have to specify the version name)

where pc100 is the container that will be configured and used as a network name.

Configuring the container

Add network settings for the container and append / sys writing permissions, appending the following to the file:


# Network configuration = veth = up = eth0 = br0 = 02:03:04:05:06:07 = cgroup:mixed proc:mixed sys:rw
lxc.environment = LXC_DESKTOP=1

Replace 02:03:04:05:06:07 with something else. Note that the first figure must be even.

Configuring the system in the container

Now start the container:

lxc-start -n pc100

You will be prompted for a password in a window. At the first boot, a guest user with password "guest" will be created. Hit Ctrl + Alt + F1 to return to the command line.

Edit the basic settings, such root password, ssh start, system locale. Now restart the container:

lxc-attach -n pc100 passwd

lxc-attach -n pc100 -- cl-setup-locale -l fr_FR --timezone Europe/Paris

lxc-stop -r -n pc100

Replace fr_FR and Europe/Paris with your locale and timezone.

Adding the container to autostart

To add the container to autostart, run:

ln -sf /etc/init.d/lxc /etc/init.d/lxc.pc100

rc-update add lxc.pc100

In order for the system in the container to start after the network is up, create a lxc file:



Configure multiple containers to be used with one workstation

Configure the host system

Create a file with udev rules to separate output devices, attributing tty7 to container pc100 and tty8 to container pc101:


ACTION=="add|remove", KERNEL=="tty7", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", KERNEL=="tty8", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"  


Do not replace 95 in the filename.

Reread the udev rules to confirm the modifications:

/etc/init.d/udev reload

Configuring the first container

Edit the system settings of the first container:


vt = 7

Update the system settings in the container:

lxc-attach -n pc100 cl-setup-system

Installing the second container

To install the second container, run:

lxc-create -t download -n pc101 -- --server --no-validate -d CCDX --arch x86_64

(note that you have to specify the version name)

where pc101 is the name of the container used for further configuration and used as its network name.

Configuring the second container

Add network settings for the container and append / sys writing permissions, appending the following to the file:


# Network configuration = veth = up = eth0 = br0 = 04:05:06:07:08:09 = cgroup:mixed proc:mixed sys:rw
lxc.environment = LXC_DESKTOP=1

Replace04:05:06:07:08:09 with any other MAC address. Keep in mind that the first number must be even.

Configure the second container by analogy with the first, specifying terminal 8 for it:


vt = 8

Run the second container and perform the basic settings, such as defining the root password, the ssh policy, the system locale, etc. Now update all settings:

lxc-start -n pc101

lxc-attach -n pc101 passwd

lxc-attach -n pc101 -- cl-setup-locale -l ru_RU --timezone Europe/Paris

Replace fr_FR and Europe/Paris with your locale and timezone.

Add the second container to autostart:

ln -sf /etc/init.d/lxc /etc/init.d/lxc.pc101

rc-update add lxc.pc101

Restart both containers:

lxc-stop -r -n pc100

lxc-stop -r -n pc101

To switch between two running lxc-desktop sessions, use the Ctrl + Alt + F7 andCtrl + Alt + F8 shortcuts.

Configure multiple containers to be used with multiple workstations

lxc-desktop with multiple workstations

To run this configuration, you will need a system unit with several video cards.

Distributing USB devices

There are two ways to distribute devices between two workstations: either by separating USB ports on the motherboard or by separating USB hub devices for each workstation.

For the first option, consider running the monitor of the connected devices and connecting the devices alternately to all USB ports. At the output, you get a log so that you can map the system path of the device and the USB port:

udevadm monitor -u -s usb/usb_device
UDEV  [5101.730402] add      /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2 (usb)
UDEV  [5101.775152] bind     /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2 (usb)
UDEV  [5101.775593] change   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2 (usb)
UDEV  [5101.780696] change   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2 (usb)
UDEV  [5103.337561] unbind   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2 (usb)
UDEV  [5103.337581] remove   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2 (usb)
UDEV  [5106.507789] add      /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1 (usb)
UDEV  [5106.552851] bind     /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1 (usb)
UDEV  [5106.552960] change   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1 (usb)
UDEV  [5106.559699] change   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1 (usb)
UDEV  [5107.587480] unbind   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1 (usb)
UDEV  [5107.587513] remove   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1 (usb)
UDEV  [5109.653942] add      /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10 (usb)
UDEV  [5109.714358] bind     /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10 (usb)
UDEV  [5109.714593] change   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10 (usb)
UDEV  [5109.720462] change   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10 (usb)
UDEV  [5110.624758] unbind   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10 (usb)
UDEV  [5110.624792] remove   /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10 (usb)

The difficulty of confronting the device and USB port paths is that USB ports with USB3 support are identified in a different way according to whether you connect them to a USB3 device (for example, a USB Flash drive) or a USB1 / USB2 one (for example, a mouse). This is also what you read in the log above (a mouse was connected first, then an USB HDD device). What you get:

port USB type device
PORT1 USB 1-3 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-9
PORT2 USB 1-3 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10
PORT3 USB 2-3 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/1-2
PORT3 USB 1 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2
PORT4 USB 2-3 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1
PORT4 USB 1 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-1
PORT5 USB 1-3 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-12
PORT6 USB 1-3 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-11

To assign ports 1-3 to workstation pc100 and ports 4-6 to workstation pc101, add the following rules:


# USB devices
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-9/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-10/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-2/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-2/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"

ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb2/2-1/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-12/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-11/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"

It is much simpler with USB hubs, since in this case all you have to do is define and add one port, the one to which the device is connected. All devices connected to the hub will be located in the path.

Separating graphics cards

If you use video devices from different manufacturers - for example, a built-in Intel card and an external ATI, then you need to add the radeon module to autostart. To do so, add the following entry:



Remove radeon from the list of modules that will not be loaded:


# hplip and cups 1.4+ use raw USB devices, so it requires usblp not be loaded
blacklist usblp

# You probably want this to not get the console beep loud on every tab :)
blacklist pcspkr

# Not using kernel video drivers
blacklist amdgpu
blacklist nouveau
blacklist nvidia
#blacklist radeon
blacklist uvesafb
blacklist vboxvideo

Restart modules-load:

/etc/init.d/modules-load restart

To get the system paths of the video cards, run:

udevadm trigger -c add -nv -s drm | awk -F/drm/ '{print $1}' | uniq


To view information about the card, run:

udevadm info /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:01.0/0000:01:00.0

To assign ATI to container pc100 and Intel to container pc101, add the following entry:

# Video
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:01.0/0000:01:00.0/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:02.0/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"


To make the Xorg server of container pc100 run on tty7 and the one of container pc101 ontty8, you have to add the corresponding rules:


ACTION=="add|remove", KERNEL=="tty7", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", KERNEL=="tty8", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"  


If you have only one audio card, the sound subsystem may be assigned to one container only. If you have two audio cards, first view the list of paths to the respective devices:

udevadm trigger -c add -nv -s sound

Then add the relevant rules to udev. Do not forget to enable the /sys/devices/virtual/sound/timer device for all of your containers that have sound.

Here is an example of enabling all sound devices for one container:


ACTION=="add|remove", SUBSYSTEM=="sound", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"

One more of enabling several audio cards for multiple containers:


# audio (udevadm trigger -c add -nv -s sound)
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1f.3/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1f.4/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/virtual/sound/timer", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc100 pc101"


Enable the PS/2 port for container pc101 by adding the corresponding rules:


# PS/2
ACTION=="add|remove", DEVPATH=="/devices/platform/i8042/*", ENV{ID_LXC}="pc101"

Configuring the containers

Start the first container and apply the system configuration:

lxc-start -n pc100


busid = PCI:1:0:0
sharevts = on
vt = 7                       

To check the busid parameter, use lspci:

00:02.0 -> PCI:0:2:0
01:00.0 -> PCI:1:0:0

Adjust video settings and general settings of the first container:

lxc-attach -n pc100 -- cl-setup-video --video radeon

lxc-attach -n pc100 cl-setup-system

Start the second container similar to the first one and apply the system configuration. Specify terminal 8:

lxc-start -n pc101


busid = PCI:0:2:0
sharevts = on
vt = 8

Apply the video settings and the general system settings for the second container:

lxc-attach -n pc101 -- cl-setup-video --video intel

lxc-attach -n pc101 cl-setup-system

Restart both containers.

lxc-stop -r -n pc100

lxc-stop -r -n pc101